How to build a bigger pension pot
If you’re under 75 and have relevant UK earnings, you can benefit from tax relief when contributing to a personal pension like a Self-Invested Personal Pension Plan (SIPP) or workplace pension scheme within the annual allowance.
The government provides basic rate tax relief of 20% through ‘relief at source,’ which is claimed by the pension provider from HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC). For instance, if you invest £8,000 in your pension, the government adds £2,000, making your total contribution £10,000.
Higher and additional rate taxpayers can also reclaim further tax relief on their pension contributions. In the 2023/24 tax year, the higher rate tax starts at just over £50,000 of income per year, while the additional rate begins at £125,140. The tax rates for earned income at these levels are 40% and 45%, respectively.
This means that higher and additional rate taxpayers can reclaim an extra 20% or 25% on their pension contributions. Using the previous £10,000 example, these taxpayers may be eligible for an additional refund of £2,000 or £2,500, respectively.
To claim this relief, follow these steps:
Contribute to a pension scheme: Ensure you’re contributing to a registered pension scheme through your employer or a personal pension plan.
Check if you receive tax relief automatically: If you’re part of a workplace pension scheme, your employer might already deduct your contributions from your salary before applying tax. In this case, you’ll automatically receive tax relief at your highest income tax rate.
Claim additional tax relief through Self Assessment: If your pension provider claims tax relief for you at the basic rate (20%), and you’re a higher rate taxpayer, you’ll need to claim the additional tax relief through a Self Assessment tax return. Register for Self Assessment on the HMRC website and complete the form annually, declaring your pension contributions.
Adjust your tax code: If you don’t want to file a Self Assessment tax return, you can contact HMRC to adjust your tax code. Provide them with details of your pension contributions and relevant information about your income. They’ll update your tax code, and you’ll receive the additional tax relief through your PAYE (Pay As You Earn) system.
A PENSION IS A LONG-TERM INVESTMENT NOT NORMALLY ACCESSIBLE UNTIL AGE 55 (57 FROM APRIL 2028 UNLESS THE PLAN HAS A PROTECTED PENSION AGE).
THE VALUE OF YOUR INVESTMENTS (AND ANY INCOME FROM THEM) CAN GO DOWN AS WELL AS UP, WHICH WOULD HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE LEVEL OF PENSION BENEFITS AVAILABLE.
YOUR PENSION INCOME COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY THE INTEREST RATES AT THE TIME YOU TAKE YOUR BENEFITS.